You must heard a lot about Beethoven Symphonies 3,5,7, and 9. What makes these symphonies so special that everybody talks about ? Here is the reasons for these attentions. ...
Symphony No.3 E flat Major, Op.55: Symphony Eroica
This piece is composed in the middle period of Beethoven and it is considered to be one of the transition pieces from Classical Era to Romantic Era. There are form, length, harmony and many more innovations in this symphony.
This symphony initially dedicated to the Napoleon Bonaparte, who is to be considered the leader of French Revolution. However, when he declared himself the emperor, Beethoven is claimed to be say the quote below, rip the first page with the title ‘’Bonaparte’’ and then title is changed to the Symphony Eroica.
"So he is no more than a common mortal! Now, too, he will tread under foot all the rights of Man, indulge only his ambition; now he will think himself superior to all men, become a tyrant!"
This symphony is twice longer than the usual Mozart or Haydn symphonies. Although first movement is written in the style of Classical Era with the usage of sonata form, the first movement alone is longer than expected.
Thematically, it contains intense emotions - especially in the second movement singling the Romantic style.
The second movement is a funeral march. It is very intense and emotional. This movement accompanied the funerals of Mendelssohn, played at memorials of John F. Kennedy, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Toscanini. F. Scott Fitzgerald died while listening to this symphony.
Symphony No.5 in C Minor Op.67
This symphony is famous with its fate motif; short-short-short-long motif. This motive certainly resembles to the door knocking sound. And it is Beethoven’s secretary Anton Schindler who said that Beethoven pointed out the motif and said that ‘’Thus Fate knocks at the door!”. Although there is a skepticism towards this story, and also there are other versions of it. Anyhow, the motif is known as the fate motif. It is present at several places throughout the symphony thus unifies the symphony.
Symphony No.7 in A Major Op.92
The famous thing about this symphony is its second movement; Allegretto. It is so popular that should be encored at the performances. Also it is usually performed alone, as well.
In the premier, Beethoven conducted the symphony himself. Wagner, an admirer of this symphony describe the symphony as;
‘’If anyone plays the Seventh, tables and benches, cans and cups, the grandmother, the blind and the lame, aye, the children in the cradle fall to dancing.”
Symphony No.9 in D Minor, Op. 125: The Choral
This is the masterpiece. It is considered to be the greatest work of Beethoven by many critics. This work actually lead the composer after Beethoven to the depression, thinking that everything that can be done is done already by Beethoven. They couldn’t imagine any greater sound than this symphony. Yes, true story.
Beethoven was completely deaf while composing the 9th symphony.
It is the first time a chorus used in a symphony; thus leading to the name ‘’The Choral’’. The choir sang the ‘’Ode to Joy’’ a poem by Schiller. Ode to Joy is now the anthem of European Union.
The fourth movement is especially special. There are cellos that serves as a human voice. The movement starts with the theme of first movement, cellos dismiss it. Then comes the second movement, and then the third. Cellos dismiss all the first three movement themes, they are searching for something else. They are searching for ‘’Ode to Joy’’, an ode for brotherhood.